Would you like to merge this question into it? MERGE already exists as an alternate of this question.
Italy was already in possession of neighboring Eritrea and Somalia. In December there was a clash between Italian and Abyssinian troops at Walwalnear the border between British and Italian Somaliland, in which Italian troops took possession of the disputed territory and in which Abyssinians and 50 Italians were killed.
When Italy demanded apologies and compensation from Abyssinia, Abyssinia appealed to the League, Emperor Haile Selassie famously appealing in person to the assembly in Geneva.
The League persuaded both sides to seek a settlement under the Italo-Ethiopian Treaty of but Italy continued troop movements and Abyssinia appealed to the League again. In October Mussolini launched an attack on Abyssinia.
The League declared Italy to be the aggressor and imposed sanctions, but coal and oil were not included; blocking these, it was thought, would provoke war. Nevertheless, the Italian economy suffered.
The League considered closing off the Suez Canal also, which would have stopped arms to Abyssinia, but, thinking it would be too harsh a measure, they did not do so. France was anxious to placate Mussolini so as to keep him away from an alliance with Germany.
Britain was less hostile to Germany and set the pace in imposing sanctions and moved a naval fleet into the Mediterranean. However, the press leaked the content of the discussions and a public outcry forced Hoare and Laval to resign.
In July the League abandoned sanctions. This episode, in which sanctions were incomplete and appeared to be easily given up, seriously discredited the League.
Germany accepted this arrangement under the Locarno Treaties of Hitler claimed that it threatened Germany and on 7 March he sent German forces into the Rhineland. He gambled on Britain not getting involved but was unsure how France would react. The action was opposed by many of his advisers.
His officers had orders to withdraw if they met French resistance. France consulted Britain and lodged protests with the League, but took no action. Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin said that Britain lacked the forces to back its guarantees to France and that in any case, public opinion would not allow it.
In Britain, it was thought that the Germans were merely walking into "their own backyard". Hugh Daltona Labour Party MP who usually advocated stiff resistance to Germany, said that neither the British people nor Labour would support military or economic sanctions. Hitler was invited to negotiate.
He proposed a non-aggression pact with the Western powers. When asked for details he did not reply. Hitler's occupation of the Rhineland had persuaded him that the international community would not resist him and put Germany in a powerful strategic position.
Chamberlain pursued a policy of appeasement and rearmament. The constitutions of both the Weimar Republic and the First Austrian Republic included the aim of unification, which was supported by democratic parties. However, the rise of Hitler dampened the enthusiasm of the Austrian government for such a plan.
Hitler, an Austrian by birth, had been a pan-German from a very young age and had promoted a Pan-German vision of a Greater German Reich from the beginning of his career in politics. He said in Mein Kampf that he would attempt a union of his birth country Austria with Germany, by any means possible and by force if necessary.
By earlyHitler had consolidated his power in Germany and was ready to implement this long-held plan. To this Hitler took violent exception. In January the Austrian Nazis attempted a putschfollowing which some were imprisoned.
Hitler summoned Schuschnigg to Berchtesgaden in February and demanded, with the threat of military action, that he release imprisoned Austrian Nazis and allow them to participate in the government.
Schuschnigg complied and appointed Arthur Seyss-Inquarta pro-Nazi lawyer, as interior minister. To forestall Hitler and to preserve Austria's independence, Schuschnigg scheduled a plebiscite on the issue for 13 March.The National Archives is the UK government's official archive. Our main duties are to preserve Government records and to set standards in information management and re-use.
Skip to Main Content. ‘Chamberlain’s appeasement policy bought a valuable year for Britain to get ready for the war which was bound to come.’ ‘Chamberlain believed that Hitler was a man of his word.’ ‘The decision to give the Sudetenland to Germany let down the Czech people.’.
‘Chamberlain’s appeasement policy bought a valuable year for Britain to get ready for the war which was bound to come.’ ‘Chamberlain believed that Hitler was a man of his word.’ ‘The decision to give the Sudetenland to Germany let down the Czech people.’.
On 30 September , Neville Chamberlain announced "peace for our time" on the steps of 10 Downing Street, straight after returning from Munich, where he and government leaders from France, Italy.
In the s, following World War I, the appeasement policy was a conciliatory method of dealing with a dictatorial government in an effort to prevent conflict. Following the Treaty of Versailles in , Germany was severely punished for its part in World War I. It was stripped of lands, population.
Using Sources A–E make a list of 'points for' and points against' the policy of appeasement 2. Which of Sources A–D suggest Hitler would carry on as long as people kept appeasing him?