Strategic management overview In order to understand the concept of strategic management, it is important to consider the meaning of the word strategy. It enables a firm to establish itself uniquely in the industry by attracting customers that find greater satisfaction in elements that the firm chooses to exemplify as a source of its strategic strength Porter, On the whole, the success or failure of any strategic management process is determined by the achievement of the desired outcome.
Introduction Societies today face several kinds of problems. Issues as complicated as the high rate of criminality or others which may appear easier to deal with such as the traffic congestion in the motorways impose problems which modern societies need to deal with.
Hence states form social policies which Marks spencer strategy supportive mechanisms essay measures to follow so as to deal with these issues in an efficient way. Also, states and governments promote social work and several social services in an active way by committing a substantial part of the annual state budget to the hiring of social workers.
Muncie believes that their work is considered to be crucial for the proper functioning of a society. The present study aims at examining the term social policy.
The term will be briefly explained and the importance of social policy for modern societies will be outlined. In addition, the term social work will also be analysed.
In the final part of the study, the terms social change and social control will be explained and also, ways through which social policy and social work can direct these social phenomena will be brought up.
In the discussion, the importance of social policy and social work will be mentioned. What is social policy?
Even in the ancient days people living in communities were forming social rules which established general regulations for the well-being of the community. For instance, this was done by ensuring road security or public health inside the community. According to Malim and Birch the social policies are the factors which regulate and govern human behaviour in areas such as sexuality and general morality.
Some of the issues it deals with are criminality, pollution, homelessness, poverty and public health. The establishment of social policies is what has helped societies survive through a turbulence of problematic issues sometimes inner issues and sometimes outer ones until today.
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As we can see, social policy was a measure used by governments for thousands of years. It has benefited mankind and helped the human being establish mighty civilisations on the planet. However, the problems that governments have to deal with today seem rather different than the problems they were facing in the past.
The current study will shed some light to these modern problems by looking at the actions and measurements taken by social policy. A social worker is a professionally trained person employed in the administration of charity, social service, welfare, and poverty agencies, advocacy, or religious outreach programs Hudson, Social workers also happen to be occupied in community health agencies.
In developed countries a large number of social workers are employed by the government. Social workers provide several kinds of services designed to aid the poor and aged and to increase the welfare of children. How can social policy and social work be used in order to promote both social change and social control?
According to Johnson et al. Social change is change in the way people behave and live their lives, including the changing nature of decisions relating to marriage, divorce and children.
Any change in social relations that cause a change in a society or transformation of its social structure can be considered to be a social change. Usually, social changes are directed by social policy and carefully planned social work Malim and Birch, As Polkinghorne states, social control refers to social mechanisms that regulate individual and group behaviour, in terms of greater sanctions and rewards.
It may also direct the processes of informal social control such as custom and formal social control for instance this could be the law of deviant behaviour which falls beyond the bounds set by social norms. Cohen states that social control is present in all societies and it can be observed in the control mechanisms used to prevent the establishment of a society to fall into anarchic or even oligarchic situations Hudson, Muncie states that a government through its social policy sets a framework of rewards and sanctions that channel behaviour.
This is the set of rules, habits, and customs by which a society tries to maintain order and social policy and social work are the facilitators for this goal.
Two examples which can be observed in order to better realise the way through which social policy and social work promote social change and social control are the cases of alcohol and drug trafficking. The social policy in countries like the U. People caught selling these drugs can end up facing severe charges in the court of law which can result to a multi-year imprisonment time.
The penalties become severer depending on the role a person has taken in drug trafficking.4 I. Company Overview Marks and Spencer plc was set up in in Leeds by Michael Marks and re-branded as Marks & Spencer (M&S) ten years later when a partnership with Thomas Spencer .
Essay about Coping Strategies; Essay about Coping Strategies. of New Zealand Coping and Copers: What it is to Cope, Personalities and Effective and Non-effective Coping Strategies This essay discusses coping, a complex process exercised by people to suppress, change, or eliminate stress or threat.
“an Analysis of Marks and Spencer’s. Marks & Spencer - Strategy Supportive Mechanisms Essay by EssaySwap Contributor, University, Master's, February download word file, 13 pages download word file, 13 pages 0 votes.
Marks and Spencer was always considered to have a great management support that helped in its growth. However, Marks and Spencer’s fortune started to turn around in Marks and Spencer had now become a perfect example of a company that had a successful strategy but failed to adapt to changing environment and is now suffering from what /5(1).
Marks & Spencer, originally named Penny Bazaars, was founded by Michael Marks in in Northern England as a clothing sales company. Ten years after its startup, Thomas Spencer joined Michael Marks and became co-owner of the company. Published: Mon, 5 Dec Executive Summary.
In this assignment, I will be reviewing the leadership style and organizational culture of Marks and Spencer which is .