InIndia has celebrated its 69th Republic Day.
Ancient India[ edit ] Ancient texts Ashokavadana and the Divyavadana mention a non-Buddhist in Pundravardhana drew a picture showing the Buddha bowing at the feet of Nirgrantha Jnatiputra identified with Mahavirathe founder of Jainism. On complaint from a Buddhist devotee, Ashokaan emperor of the Maurya Dynastyissued an order to arrest him, and subsequently, another order to kill all the Ajivikas in Pundravardhana.
Around 18, followers of the Ajivika sect were executed as a result of this order.
Ashoka burnt him and his entire family alive in their house. According to Ashokavadana, as a result of this order, his own brother, Vitashokawas mistaken for a heretic and killed by a cowherd.
Their ministers advised that "this is an example of the suffering that is being inflicted even on those who are free from desire" and that he "should guarantee the security of all beings".
After this, Ashoka stopped giving orders for executions. Sarao and Benimadhab Baruastories of persecutions of rival sects by Ashoka appear to be a clear fabrication arising out of sectarian propaganda. In one of the stories, the razing of stupas and viharas is mentioned with Pushyamitra.
This has been historically mapped to the reign of King Pushyamitra of the Shunga Empire about years before Divyavadana was written. Archeological remains of stupas have been found in Deorkothar that suggest deliberate destruction, conjectured to be one mentioned in Divyavadana about Pushyamitra.
The fictional tales of Divyavadana is considered by scholars  as being of doubtful value as a historical record. Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinentPersecution of Hindusand Persecution of Muslims Historical records of religious violence are extensive for medieval India, in the form of corpus written by Muslim historians.
According to Will DurantHindus historically experienced persecution during Islamic rule of the Indian subcontinent. Lal in his book Theory and Practice of Muslim State in India claims that between the years AD and AD, the population of the Indian subcontinent decreased from to million.
Ghurye writes that religious violence between Hindus and Muslims in medieval India may be presumed to have begun soon after Muslims began settling there. They continued through the Mughal Empire, and then in the British colonial period.
Religious communities tended to become political constituencies. This was particularly true of the Muslim League created inwhich catered exclusively for the interests of the Muslims Purely Hindu organizations also appeared such as the Hindu Sabha later Mahasabha founded in In the meantime Hindu-Muslim riots became more frequent; but they were not a novelty: When in he [Muhammad Ali Jinnah] became the first Governor General of Pakistan and the new border was demarcated, gigantic riots broke out between Hindus and Muslims.
CircaChalukya armies invaded northern India where they looted temples of Ganga and Yamuna. In the early 10th century, the Pratihara king Herambapala looted an image from a temple in the Sahi kingdom of Kangrawhich in the 10th century was looted by the Pratihara king Yasovarman.
In the midth century, the Chola king Rajadhiraja plundered a temple in Kalyani. In the late 11th century, the Hindu king Harsha of Kashmir plundered temples as an institutionalised activity.
In the late 12th to early 13th centuries, the Paramara dynasty attacked and plundered Jain temples in Gujarat. Vijayanagara king Krishnadevaraya looted a Balakrishna temple in Udayagiri inand he looted a Vittala temple in Pandharpur in Muhammad bin Qasim and his army, assaulted numerous towns, plundered them for wealth, enslaved Buddhists and Hindus, and destroyed temples and monasteries.
One fifth of the booty and slaves were dispatched back as khums tax to Hajjaj and the Caliph. The state of Hindus during the Islamic expansion in India during the medieval period was characterised by destruction of temples, often illustrated by historians by the repeated destruction of the Hindu Temple at Somnath   and the anti-Hindu practices of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb.
In the late 8th century, the army of Abu Jafar al Mansur attacked Hindu kingdoms in Barada and Kashmir, and took many children and women as slaves.
Similarly, adherents of Ali expelled Umayyad sympathizers and appointees.
The Sultan replied with the message that his aim is to "obtain a complete victory suited to his zeal for the honor of Islam and Musulmans". King Jaipal then sent a new message to the Sultan and his Amir, stating "You have seen the impetuosity of the Hindus and their indifference to death.
If you insist on war in the hope of obtaining plunder, tribute, elephants and slaves, then you leave us no alternative but to destroy our property, take the eyes out of our elephants, cast our families in fire, and commit mass suicide, so that all that will be left to you to conquer and seize is stones and dirt, dead bodies, and scattered bones.
King Jaipal, after receiving this peace offer, assumed that peace is likely and ordered his army to withdraw from a confrontation. According to 17th century Persian historian FirishtaJaipal refused to pay the ransom, angering Sabuktigin.
An alternate account of an 11th-century historian states, instead of waiting for the ransom tribute, Amir Sabuktigin and his army then attacked the kingdom of infidel Hindus. His campaigns included plundering and destruction of Hindu temples such as those at MathuraDwarkaand others.
The Sultan would not allow him to postpone the conflict, and the friends of God commenced the action, setting upon the enemy with sword, arrow and spear,—plundering, seizing and destroyingModi’s government revokes licences of 25 organisations over ‘anti-national activities’ as pool of foreign-funded bodies shrinks by almost half in two years.
Communal Harmony And Internal Security Of India Communal harmony and the internal security of India are interlinked Communalism is ‘the loyalty to a sociopolitical grouping based . Nov 19, · With a view to foster and reinforce the spirit of Communal Harmony, National Integration and pride in vibrant, composite culture and nationhood, the “Qaumi Ekta Week” (National Integration Week) will be observed all over the country, from tomorrow to 25th November, ALLAHABAD, Sep Pakistan-India Peoples’ Forum for Peace and Democracy (PIPFPD) Saturday expressed its strong disappointment with the Indian government for cancelling the scheduled meeting of Indian and Pakistani foreign ministers on the side-lines of UN General Assembly later this month.
For Hindi Version go to: भारत का स्वरुप कैसा हो? सेकुलर या हिन्दू? “Hinduism, which is the most skeptical and the most believing of all, the most skeptical because it has questioned and experimented the most, the most believing because it has the deepest experience and the most varied and positive spiritual knowledge, that.
This is the list of NGOs. A. NGOs working on the issue of Child Labour: 1. ph-vs.comarangaiya Foundation-Brief Profile: · MV Foundation ’s approach is based on a firm conviction that no child works and that all children in the years age group must be in school. In other words it recognizes the inextricable link between the program for .
|NATIONAL INTEGRATION DAY (INDIRA GANDHI’S BIRTHDAY) - ph-vs.com||The week long programmes to be observed during Qaumi Ekta Week will be as under:|
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