Syntax Out-File Send output to a file. Syntax Out-File [-filePath] string [[-encoding] string] [-append] [-width int] [-inputObject psobject] [-force] [-noClobber] [-whatIf] [-confirm] [CommonParameters] Key -filePath path The path to the output file.
File descriptor table for this feat looks like this: If opening the file fails, bash quits with error and doesn't run the command.
If opening the file succeeds, bash uses the file descriptor of the opened file as the stdin file descriptor for the command.
After doing that the file descriptor table looks like this: Here is an example. Suppose you want to read the first line of the file in a variable.
You can simply do this: At this point bash passes the all the input read so far to the stdin of the command.
Here is a common example. Suppose you've copied a bunch of URLs to the clipboard and you want to remove http: A quick one-liner to do this would be: This example produces this output: Instead of doing something like: This one-liner uses the built-in exec bash command. Running commands after setting up this redirect will have the stderr of all of them redirected to file.
In general exec can take an optional argument of a command. If it's specified, bash replaces itself with the command. So what you get is only that command running, and there is no more shell.
What this does is opens the file for reading and assigns the opened file-descriptor to the shell's file descriptor number 3.
The file descriptor table now looks like this: Now you can read from the file descriptor 3, like this: Or you can use regular shell commands such as grep and operate on file descriptor 3: Just remember that once you read the file descriptor it's been exhausted and you need to close it and open it again to use it.
You can't rewind an fd in bash. After you're done using fd 3, you can close it this way: The file descriptor table looks like this: As you can see file descriptors don't have to be used in order, you can open any file descriptor number you like from 0 to Now we can simply write to the file descriptor 4: The diamond operator opens a file descriptor for both reading and writing.
So for example, if you do this: Now we can write some stuff to the file: A sub-shell is a child process launched by the current shell.In normal bash redirection > redirecting standard output to a file, overwriting when it exists and >> redirecting standard output to a file, appending when it exists.
In a tcsh (c shell) script I found the operators >! >>! being used. I am using sed in a script to do a replace and I want to have the replaced file overwrite the file.
Normally I think that you would use this. Out-File. Send output to a file.
When you wish to specify parameters, use Out-File instead of the redirection operator (>). Syntax Out-File [-filePath] string. In bash 4, the &>> operator was introduced, which allows stdout and stderr to be appended to the output file. But there appears to be no "clobber" version of this.
. What is Bash? Bash is the shell, or command language interpreter, for the GNU operating system. The name is an acronym for the ‘Bourne-Again SHell’, a pun on Stephen Bourne, the author of the direct ancestor of the current Unix shell sh, which appeared in the Seventh Edition Bell Labs Research version of Unix.
Bash is largely compatible with sh and incorporates useful features from the. This is the third part of bash one-liners explained article series. The third part covers all about input/output redirection in bash. I use the best bash practices and idioms only.
After I'm done, I'll publish an e-book and release ph-vs.com that will contain all the bash recipes from my articles.