In the late 's and 's we learned that it was possible to recondition and retrain brainwave patterns. Some of this work began with the training of alpha brainwave activity for relaxation, while other work originating at UCLA focused on uncontrolled epilepsy. Before discussing this in more detail, let me provide you with some preliminary information about brainwaves.
Provide examples of types of nonverbal communication that fall under these categories. Discuss the ways in which personal presentation and environment provide nonverbal cues.
Just as verbal language is broken up into various categories, there are also different types of nonverbal communication. As we learn about each type of nonverbal signal, keep in mind that nonverbals often work in concert with each other, combining to repeat, modify, or contradict the verbal message being sent.
Kinesics The word kinesics Refers to the study of hand, arm, body, and face movements. Specifically, this section will outline the use of gestures, head movements and posture, eye contact, and facial expressions as nonverbal communication. Gestures There are three main types of gestures: Mayfield, Adaptors Touching behaviors and movements that indicate internal states typically related to arousal or anxiety and may be directed at the self, others, or objects.
Adaptors can be targeted toward the self, objects, or others. In regular social situations, adaptors result from uneasiness, anxiety, or a general sense that we are not in control of our surroundings.
Many of us subconsciously click pens, shake our legs, or engage in other adaptors during classes, meetings, or while waiting as a way to do something with our excess energy. In public speaking situations, people most commonly use self- or object-focused adaptors.
Common self-touching behaviors like scratching, twirling hair, or fidgeting with fingers or hands are considered self-adaptors. Some self-adaptors manifest internally, as coughs or throat-clearing sounds.
My personal weakness is object adaptors. Other people play with dry-erase markers, their note cards, the change in their pockets, or the lectern while speaking.
Use of object adaptors can also signal boredom as people play with the straw in their drink or peel the label off a bottle of beer.
Smartphones have become common object adaptors, as people can fiddle with their phones to help ease anxiety. Other adaptors involve adjusting or grooming others, similar to how primates like chimpanzees pick things off each other.
It would definitely be strange for a speaker to approach an audience member and pick lint off his or her sweater, fix a crooked tie, tuck a tag in, or pat down a flyaway hair in the middle of a speech.
Emblems Gestures that have specific agreed-on meanings. These are still different from the signs used by hearing-impaired people or others who communicate using American Sign Language ASL. Even though they have a generally agreed-on meaning, they are not part of a formal sign system like ASL that is explicitly taught to a group of people.
When archers were captured, their enemies would often cut off these two fingers, which was seen as the ultimate insult and worse than being executed since the archer could no longer shoot his bow and arrow. So holding up the two fingers was a provoking gesture used by archers to show their enemies that they still had their shooting fingers.An Introduction to Neurofeedback D.
Corydon Hammond, PhD, ABEN, QEEG-D Professor & Psychologist, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation University of Utah School of Medicine. Learning Objectives. Mental health professionals have a considerable way to go in reaching adults with ADHD so as to provide them with appropriate diagnostic services as well as evidence-based approaches for the management of their condition.
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RECOMMENDATION 1:In a child 6 to 12 years old who presents with inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, academic underachievement, or behavior problems, primary care clinicians should initiate an evaluation for ADHD (strength of evidence: good; strength of recommendation: strong).
The major justification for this recommendation is the high prevalence of ADHD in school-aged populations. (see Topics L - Z) A: Accommodations | ADHD | Advocacy | Aides | Assistive Technology | Attorneys B: Behavior | Braille | Bullying C: Child Find | Class Size.